Private to Public Conversion, Going Public, Company Transformation

Are you planning to convert your private company into a public company or are you confused about how to do it? Well, this is a big decision. So it needs planning and a clear understanding about how to do it smoothly.

Private limited firms have a lot to offer on their own, but eventually every private limited company wants to go public to increase scalability. Here, let us start understanding the process by reading below the following contents.


A company having a minimum paid-up share capital and restricts the right to transfer shares, and limits the number of its members to 200 by its articles of association is a private company under Section 2(62) of the Companies Act, 2013.

A company which is not a private company is a public company under Section 2(71) of the Companies Act, 2013.

Therefore, in simple words a Private Company is a closely held Company which puts a restriction on transfer of shares through its Articles of Association (AOA). The Companies Act, 2013, prohibits the invitation to the public to subscribe for shares in a Private Company. On the other hand, Public Company does not have any such restrictions regarding an invitation to the public for the subscription of shares or transferability of shares. Both companies have their benefits and limitations. The applicants sometimes desire to change their class of Company. The procedure followed for the Conversion of Private Company to Public Company will be discussed here.


PROCESS of conversion of private company into public company

Convene a Board Meeting and Extra ordinary general meeting

The Agenda of the meetings are - Approval for Conversion of Company, Alteration of MOA and AOA, Fix date, time and place of EGM

File Form MGT-14

Attest the following documents with self-attested signature of the authorised signatory

1. Certified True Copy (CTC) of board meeting resolution

2. Notice of EGM with Explanatory statement

3. Certified True Copy (CTC) of EGM Resolution

4. Altered MOA & AOA

Convene a Board Meeting

The Agenda being Board Resolution for authorisation to convert the company and affidavit to execute it.

Newspaper Advertisement

The newspaper advertisement is to be done in Form INC-25A

Circulation of Notice

The notice must be served to the debenture holders, creditors, ROC and RD.

Form RD-1 to be filed with the following attachments:

  • Signed Copy of Application
  • Draft copy of altered MOA & AOA
  • Copy of Minutes of EGM
  • Copy of Signed ADVERTISEMENTS
  • Declaration by director- about the limit on members i.e.; 200, no non-compliances.
  • List of creditors and debenture holders.
  • Affidavit by Director about true and fair list of creditors and debenture holders.
  • Proof of Serving the Notice to all Creditors, Debenture holders, Registrar and other Regulatory Bodies.
  • Power of Attorney or Memorandum of Appearance
File form INC-28 along with copy of RD order
File form INC-27 along with copy of RD order


  • As per Section 3(1) of the Companies Act, 2013, the number of members of the Company is 7 before the Conversion of the Company.
  • Again the number of directors is to be increased to 3 as per Section 149(1) of the Companies Act, 2013.
  • The Company should pay all the matured deposits as per Rule 29(1) of Companies
  • (Incorporation) Rules, 2014.
  • The members of the Company should approve the Conversion of the Private Company to a Public Company.
  • Name clause in the Memorandum of Association (MOA) be modified to exclude the word Private.
  • The Company should file all the annual returns or financial statements due for filing with the Registrar of Companies (ROC).
  • An application must adapt the Permanent Account Number (PAN) of the Company.
  • Be responsible for the information to the Central government, where the Company has its registration.
  • There should be an amendment to the Article of Association (AOA) so that they no longer include the restrictions and limitations of a Private Limited Company.
  • The Central Government should also approve the Conversion


  1. Property Papers Copy (if Owned Property)
  2. Electricity Bill/ Water Bill (if Business Place)
  3. Digital Signature Certificate (DSC) of all Directors
  4. Directors Identification Number of all Directors
  5. Permanent Account Number (PAN) Card of all Directors
  6. Passport size Photographs of all Directors
  7. Aadhar Card Copy
  8. Rent Agreement Copy (if Rented Property)
  9. Electricity Bill/ Water Bill (if Business Place)


Forms Number of Days
File MGT-14 within 30 days
Time gap between Newspaper Advertisement and Form RD-1 atleast 21 days
Time gap between the Notice and RD-1 form filing atleast 21 days
File form RD-1 within 60 days from the date of passing of Special Resolution
INC-28 within 15 days from RD order
INC-27 within 30 days from RD order

Post Conversion Steps:

  • Use the copy of altered Memorandum and Articles of the Company
  • Make all requisite changes in the signboards, Letter heads, Books Rubber Stamps, Bill Books, Common Seal, visiting cards and other documents and items
  • Make the changes in PAN, TAN, GST Portal, Bank Accounts
  • Intimate the changes to Banks, Income Tax Department, PF Department, ESI Department and all other departments


Q. Is it necessary to have 3 Directors for a Public Limited Company?
Ans.Yes, the law requires that every company must have at least 3 directors in the case of Public limited companies.

Q. Who is eligible to become a member of a public company?
Ans. The subscriber to the memorandum of the company who shall be deemed to have agreed (i)To become member of the company, and on its registration, shall be entered as member in its Register of members; (ii) Every other person who agrees in writing to become a member of the Company and whose name is entered in the register of members of the company.

Q. Is there any minimum timeline for a private limited company to be incorporated to get Converted itself into a public limited company?
Ans. There is no minimum time limit mentioned as such in the Act and therefore, if management intends, they can convert their private Company into a public one at any point of time.

Q. Which law governs the process of conversion of a private limited company to a public limited Company?
Ans. Conversion of Private Limited to Public Limited Company can be done by altering the Memorandum of Association (MOA) and Article of Association (AOA) of the company. This Procedure of conversion is governed by the Companies Act, 2013.

Q. Is there a requirement of physically being present during the process of conversion?
Ans. No, conversion of one company to another is an online process. You just need to follow the process.

Q. When can a company start running its business affair after the conversion from private to public?
Ans. A Public Company can start running its business affairs after receiving COI (Certification of Incorporation) from the Registrar of Companies (ROC).

Q. What is the minimum capital requirement for a public company?
Ans. As per Companies (Amendment) Act, 2015, the requirement to have Rs 1,00,000 as Minimum paid-up capital for public limited companies has been removed.

For any consultancy in the Conversion of Private Ltd to Public Ltd ||

Contact 7840071184/ 8505999955/ [email protected]